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Flip-Flops, is the Convenience Worth the Pain?

Flip-flops are a quick and easy solution when you’re running out the door or want something comfortable to wear. They’re easy to put on and take off and appealing to wear when the weather is warm because they let your feet stay cool. Unfortunately, flip-flops give no foot and ankle support, have minimal cushioning and make it easier to trip and fall. They also cause you to walk differently than you would walk if you were wearing a regular shoe.

What happens to you when you wear flip-flops?

When you’re wearing flip-flops, you have to pinch or curl your toes, so they stay on while you are walking. You’re also shortening your stride because of this, putting strain on your feet, hips, and lower back muscles. When you walk in flip-flops, your feet contact the ground differently. More pressure is put on the outside edges and less pressure is put on the heel. When this happens, it causes a slight rotation of the lower portion of the leg, changing the angle of your pelvis, which prompts increased torsion of the lower spine. These changes can cause stiffness and pain in the lumbar region that can worsen over time.

Do you have to give up flip-flops?

They still have legitimate uses. Flip-flops are good for public locker rooms and showers. They’re good for a quick walk to the backyard or the beach. Since they lack arch support and are thin with floppy rubber soles, they aren’t made for leisurely long walks or any kind of quick movement. They aren’t great for continuous use while shopping, or for going anywhere where you will be on your feet for a long time.

Listen to your body.

Your body will let you know when something is wrong. Experiencing back pain while wearing flip-flops means you should stop what you are doing, ice the area, and change into shoes with better support. Ignoring the pain and letting it linger means your body is going to compensate for the area that is in pain by putting the strain on other muscles and joints. This can cause further injury. You’re more likely to experience a fall that can be dangerous because of the impact your altered gait, making your stability suffer. When wearing flip-flops, it’s best to avoid running, jumping, and quick movements to the side because there is a greater risk of falls and there is a lack of support and shock absorption.


Sports sandals can help offer good alternatives, so you still have comfortable shoes that also offer support. They mimic sneakers in the way they hug your feet and offer arch supports and heel cups, thereby providing greater stability.

Do your research to help you find the right alternatives for you. Pay attention to how stable you are when you are standing and walking when you’re trying on shoes. You want to make sure you can maintain your normal stride in the shoe, and that the sole of your foot stays connected to the sole of the shoe.

If you’re in need of a consultation for your back pain, give Cross Valley Chiropractic a call at 570-822-4848.

Backpacks Can Cause Back Pain

A backpack will allow someone to carry several school books and other items in a way that is practical. Backpacks distribute the heavy load across the back and shoulder muscles, but there is a risk of overloading the backpack which cannot only strain the back but also the neck and shoulders. Carrying a heavy backpack is a frequent cause of back pain in children and in adolescents.

While the back will compensate for any load that is applied to it for an extended period, heavy weight in a backpack can:

  • Cause shoulders to round and a person to lean forward, reducing balance which makes it easier to fall.
  • Cause distortion in the middle and in the lower back which causes muscle strain and irritates the spine, joints, and the rib cage.
  • Pull on neck muscles and contribute to headaches, shoulder pain, lower back, neck, and arm pain.

By following a few guidelines back pain can be avoided:

  • Carry the backpack over both shoulders. By carrying a backpack over one shoulder, the muscles will strain to compensate for the uneven weight. The spine leans to the opposite side which stresses the middle back, ribs, and the lower back on one side more than the other. This causes muscle imbalance that causes muscle strain, spasm, and back pain for the short term and it can speed the development of back problems later in life if it isn’t corrected.
  • Adjust the straps so the backpack fits snugly to the body, holding the bottom of the backpack two inches above the waist and keep the top just below the base of the skull. Don’t carry the backpack low near the buttocks.
  • When lifting the backpack, use leg muscles and keep it close to the body, don’t pick it up by bending over with arms extended.
  • Limit backpack weight to 10% of the child’s body weight.
  • Alleviate back pain caused by backpacks with rest or reduced activity. If the pain is persisting, it’s uncommon and should be evaluated.
  • Pack the heaviest objects first, that way they are carried lower and closest to the body. Fill compartments so the load is evenly distributed throughout the backpack and so the items don’t shift during movement. Pack any sharp or bulky objects so they don’t contact the back.
  • Don’t lean forward when walking. If it’s necessary to lean forward when walking, there is too much weight in the backpack.

Call Cross Valley Chiropractic at 570-822-4848 for a consultation, or to learn how Chiropractic care can help with back and neck pain.

Tips to Keep Your Purse from Hurting Your Spine

What happens when you carry a heavy purse?

  • Your muscles are off balance because all the weight from your purse is on one shoulder. By carrying an asymmetric load your posture is thrown off. This can cause muscles in the shoulder you keep your purse on to become bigger. It can cause asymmetry in posture, where one shoulder is higher than the other. One shoulder is forced to be more developed than the muscles on the other side. This can also cause muscles in your spine to compensate for the weight, causing the opposite side of the spine to go into spasm. This can affect the lower back and the sacrum, the bone at the base of the lower spine. When the load is asymmetric, then everything below the shoulder will have to work more.
  • Muscles can become stiff. The trapezius muscle sits on top of your shoulders, it can spasm and tighten, as well as the muscles that go from shoulder to the base of the neck. It causes stiffness in the upper back, shoulder, and neck area. When the neck is forced to carry heavy weight for a long period of time, sometimes people develop arthritis in their neck and lower neck. The muscles that help to carry the purse are delicate and assist with turning the head, that action can become painful.
  • Your gait, or the way your arms and legs swing when you walk naturally, can be thrown off by carrying weight on one shoulder. Your body is no longer balanced, the side the purse is on makes it so the arm on that side can’t swing properly, and the opposite ram swings more.
  • Tension headaches can develop from muscles being forced to do the heavy lifting. When muscles in the shoulder and neck spasm, it can cause pain in the back of the skull that radiates to the front.

What can be done to fix this damage?

  • Don’t carry more than ten percent of your body weight. With a purse, it’s recommended not to carry more than five percent because the purse may be heavy and the weight of the purse needs to be taken into account.
  • Don’t look down! Texting, or looking down while carrying a purse will cause the curve of our neck to get flat.
  • Bags with wider straps distribute the weight of the bag over a wider area, protecting structures in the shoulder where nerves are from the neck into the arm.
  • Bags that have alternative strap options, like handles, and long straps so it can be worn cross-body to distribute weight better and gives shoulders a periodic break.
  • Switch sides. When you’re walking, switch your purse to the opposite shoulder every one or two blocks so you are balancing how your body carries the weight and so muscles develop equally.
  • Choose a bag that is right for your body. A purse that is too short or high up will affect how your arm can swing. A purse that is too long affects the way your hips swing when you walk. You want to swing hips and shoulders without the bag bumping them.
  • High heels and heavy purses can be a dangerous combination. Heels cause your pelvis to tilt forward which can cause back pain. Add in a purse and you have more of a chance of causing pain and injury.
  • Switching to a backpack means you’re carrying weight on two shoulders instead of one, making it easier to bear the burden. The backpack shouldn’t hang more than four inches below the waist, which can cause you to lean forward to compensate, which can strain your muscles.
  • Exercise, stretch, do yoga, light weights. Forms of exercise help ensure that your shoulders are equally toned and strong. Walking without a bag now and then helps to restore your natural gait.
  • Switch purse sizes. Large purses are easier to fill up with unnecessary things that weigh it down. Consider switching to a smaller purse.
  • Consider your health. Handbags may be a way for you to have a certain look or make a certain statement but consider what’s best for your overall health.

Give Cross Valley Chiropractic a call at 570-822-4848 for a consultation, or to learn how Chiropractic care can help with back and neck pain.

swimming injuries

Chiropractic Treatment for Swimming Injuries

Swimming is a low-impact activity but that doesn’t mean you can’t injure yourself. Micro-trauma can happen when swimming, shoulders can be unstable, leading to shoulder pain and tendinitis. Swimming injuries depend on the stroke you’re using, and most injuries affect knees, hips, shoulder, or the back. Repetitive injuries include inner knee and hip problems and back injuries.

Some examples of swimming injuries are listed below:

Impingement syndrome

Also known as swimmer’s shoulder. The shoulder is the joint that is most commonly affected by swimming injuries. Impingement syndrome is a condition that affects the shoulder joint, caused by the inflammation of the tendons surrounding the rotator cuff. When pressure on the rotator cuff from part of the shoulder blade is lifted, it can cause rotator cuff impingement. This causes painful inflammation of the bicep tendon. Shoulder instability, which is when the structures that surround the shoulder joint don’t work to maintain the ball within the socket, can result from fatigue and weakness of the rotator cuff and the muscles that surround the shoulder blade.

Breaststroke knee

When performing the breaststroke frequently, knee injuries are common. This is due to the position of the knee during the ‘whip kick’ movement. The rotation of this kick affects the medial collateral ligament, which runs along the inner side of the knee. Knee injuries involve the tendons and ligaments. Breaststrokers can also experience pain in their hip from inflammation of the hip tendons.


Lower back disk problems or problems at the junction between the spine and pelvis, termed spondylolysis, can be increased by the ‘dolphin kick’ which is used often in competitive swimming.

Butterfly back Injury

Swimming is generally thought to be beneficial for a lot of cases of back pain. The butterfly stroke is best avoided by those suffering from back pain. Butterfly back is another name for lower back pain because it is prevalent among butterfly swimmers.

How Can You Help Swimming Injuries?

Chiropractic care is highly effective for treating neck and back pain, strengthening back muscles, improving posture, flexibility and mobility. Chiropractic care performed on swimmers can help reduce inflammation and discomfort. Also, chiropractic care can help speed up swimmer’s recovery time from injuries due to its nature of relieving tension and improving the body’s balance.

Chiropractic care can help treat neck and back pain. To learn more or schedule a consultation, give us a call at Cross Valley Chiropractic at 570-822-4848.

Why you shouldn’t keep your wallet in your back pocket

Wallets are the go-to for receipts, business cards, cash, cards, coins, and whatever else you can throw in there. Putting that bulk in your back pocket and then sitting on it, even for a simple thirty-minute commute, puts stress on your hip joint and your lower back. You aren’t sitting evenly, either. Imagine sitting on an object only on one side of your body, and how it would cause your body to tilt to one side. It causes one side of your pelvis to be higher than the other, instead of them being even. This affects your spine and the tissues and structures underneath.

When you’re sitting on your wallet it distorts your pelvis and hips, which is bad for your back and your sitting posture. It causes you to tilt your pelvis to one side which puts stress on your spine. When you sit down, you end up rounding your lower back instead of sitting upright. The bigger your wallet, the more lopsided you sit.

The imbalance caused by sitting on your wallet leads to pain and degeneration. It agitates your sciatic nerve, which is located behind your hip joint, which causes pain that starts in the hip that can run down your leg. When you sit on your wallet, the nerve is pinched between the wallet and your hip. Sitting on your wallet for prolonged periods of time can press on the sciatic nerve and raise one hip. This causes your body to adapt and compensate for these imbalances.

The pelvis and hips are the foundations of the spine. What sits on that foundation will be affected by your wallet. Your body will compensate for your wallet in your back pocket by pulling your spine towards the side where the wallet is to even out the imbalance. Another way your body compensates is that your head can be pulled to one side to keep your eyes level with the floor.

Two halves of the pelvis can rotate slightly due to the constant force being applied to one side which can lead to sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Long-term compensation results in spinal and postural stress which then leads to pain. Important tissues and structures in the buttock area, such as the sciatic nerve, can become compressed which can lead to sciatic leg pain, tingling and/or numbness.

What can you do to keep discomfort to a minimum?

  • Switch your wallet to your front pocket. This isn’t a cure-all, however, as it can create a pinch between your thigh and torso.
  • Remove your wallet when you sit down or drive.
  • Keep your wallet in your jacket pocket.
  • Keep only important and needed items in your wallet to avoid them being too bulky.
  • Try card-holder style wallets, or billfolds.
  • Avoid wallets that are bulky, such as wallets with zippers or buttons.

Call  Cross Valley Chiropractic for a consultation today at 570-822-4848.

Why Seek Out Chiropractic Treatment?

Chiropractors may be sought for adjustments or aligning vertebrae for preventative care. Others may want help with managing serious pain resulting from conditions such as whiplash or scoliosis. The goal is to help return you to your prior state of health and then see if you have any further problems. You can also seek out regular preventative maintenance that can range from weekly to monthly visits, or visits every few months.

Chiropractors can treat common back and neck pain in a few sessions. Depending on your individual condition and any underlying factors, you may need frequent visits. Previous injuries can affect treatment times, along with any care and rehabilitation you may have received.

Hours at a computer and not enough exercise will contribute to common back and neck pain. Regular adjustments can prevent problems like these. Serious pain requires more intensive chiropractic treatment. This means two to three adjustments a week, but the number of adjustments will gradually decrease as your condition gets better. Meaning the amount of time that you see your chiropractor depends on your condition and how severe the damage is to your body, and your level of pain combined with how well your body responds to chiropractic care.

You can see improvements within a few weeks, if you don’t, the treatment is likely not working and you may need to consider other options, either by evaluation from a medical doctor or even seeing a different chiropractor who uses a different approach to see if that will work better for you.

It is hard to know how many treatments you may need in advance, so your treatment plan should be adjusted as your treatments progress.

How will you know if you need a chiropractor? You can decide if you want to take care of minor misalignments before they cause problems, seeing a chiropractor a few days a year, or a few months out of the year as an option. You can wait until you feel pain or tension to see a chiropractor. Ultimately, it is up to you to decide if you want to see a chiropractor, and it is up to them to see what kind of adjustment you need, and how long you may need adjustments for.

Knowing your body and how it responds to adjustments, you can make the decision on what will work best to you. Give us a call at Cross Valley Chiropractic at 570-822-4848.

Common Back Pain, How Chiropractic Can Help

Muscle spasms are the most common cause of back pain, but the spine can be susceptible to some of the same problems as other parts of your body. There are many ways to injure your spine, all of which are painful and can temporarily limit movement. Chiropractic care can help relieve your back problems and give you back range of motion.

Common back injuries include:


A sprain is an injury to a ligament, which support the spine and its joints. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon, which connects muscle to a bone.  A spinal sprain or strain can happen if you fall, are in a car accident, or if you’re lifting and twisting things simultaneously.

Degenerative disc disease

This not at actual disease, but is usually an age related spine problem. Our bodies go through changes at a cellular level as we get older. The intervertebral discs dehydrate, and their shape and height can change which affects the space between two vertebral bodies and a nerve passageway narrows.

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction

When sacroiliac joints aren’t functioning properly, the symptoms include lower back pain and leg pain. The sacrum and the ilium meet at the left and right sides of the back are the sacroiliac joints, which are supported by strong ligaments. The moments of the joint are small, and they may move too much, or not enough.

Lumbar herniated or bulging disc

A herniated disc can result in nerve compression or damage. Because of this pain can be felt in the leg, thigh and buttock

Spinal Nerve Compression

A spinal nerve root becomes inflamed when it is compressed, pinched, or entrapped, causing pain.

Chiropractors use hands-on spinal manipulation in order to properly align the body to enable it to heal itself without surgery or medication. Manipulation restores mobility to joints. The treatment plan for back pain can involve one or more adjustments. This safe, effective treatment for a natural way to help your back pain. For more information about chiropractic care at Cross Valley Chiropractic call us at 570-822-4848.

What Do Chiropractors Treat?

There are many different spinal disorders that cause musculoskeletal or nerve pain that a chiropractor can diagnose and treat. Pressure on sensitive points in your muscles can cause deep aching pain in parts of your body that may seem unrelated, which is known as referred pain. Chiropractors treat a number of ailments through hands on adjustments to treat these issues.

Degenerative disc disease

Typically associated with aging because your intervertebral disks can degenerate or break down due to years of overuse, misuse, or strain. The discs can lose flexibility, elasticity, and they can lose shock absorption. They can become thinner as they dehydrate, too.

Herniated disc

Typically occurring in the neck or in the low back, it can cause pain when the outer ring or interior matter presses on a nerve root that is nearby.

Back sprains and strains

When the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together, ligaments, become overstretched or torn it causes a sprain. Strains involve a muscle or a tendon. Sprains and strains can happen when you lift too much weight, bend or twist improperly, or lift too much weight. The pain associated with sprains and strains can ache, burn, tingle, be sharp, dull, or stabbing.

Cervicogenic headaches

Caused by referred neck pain, the pain from this headache is usually at the back of the head, in the temples, and behind the eyes. It can be mistaken for migraines or for cluster headaches.

Myofascial pain

A chronic pain disorder. Myofascial pain can feel like a knot in your muscle, and occurs after a muscle is used repeatedly.


Pain that develops in the spine’s tailbone that can be the cause of a fall or riding a bike for a long time. This pain gets worse when sitting and can sometimes begin without any known cause.

Spondylosis or spinal osteoarthritis

Often associated with aging, it may affect the spine’s facet joints or other bones.


A hyperflexion or hyper extension injury that is commonly occurring when a motor vehicle is rear-ended. When the neck and head are suddenly and quickly whipped forward it is called a hyperflexion, and when it goes backward it is a hyperextension. This can lead to severe neck sprain or strain.

Piriformis syndrome

The piriformis muscle is a narrow muscle located in the buttocks. When this muscle compresses or irritates the sciatic nerve, pain, tingling or numbness travel down through the buttock(s) and into one or both legs.


When the sciatic nerve or a branch of the sciatic nerve is compressed or becomes irritated, sciatica may occur. It causes moderate to severe pain that is sharp or shooting, and travels below the knee of one leg.

Short leg or leg length discrepancy

When one leg is shorter than the other, which can be caused by types of structural or postural problems. For example, a birth defect can cause a structural problem, where a postural problem can be from a pelvic tilt.

Call us at Cross Valley Chiropractic for more information, or to schedule an appointment at 570-822-4848.

Chiropractic and Athletic Injuries

Running, lifting weights, going to the gym, gardening, and participating in sports all carry the risk of injury. Athletes use chiropractic adjustments to have their body properly aligned. Adjustments will also reduce tension which keeps the body out of alignment. When the body is out of alignment, it is at a greater risk for injury. When it’s aligned, it won’t work as hard and it won’t experience stress in some areas that are picking up slack from deficient areas.

Common issues associated with sports injuries:

  • Back and Neck Pain
  • Foot Injuries
  • Shin Splints
  • Runners Knee
  • Shoulder Injuries
  • Hip Injuries
  • Tennis Elbow

Misalignments slow down healing. When the body has an injury, it gives off muscle spasms and inflammation, this is a way for it to try to protect itself. It also increases the time it takes for the body to heal fully so it can bet back out on the field. When you get a Chiropractic adjustment, it speeds up the recovery process of your muscles.

Chiropractors offer sports rehab through spinal rehab. This means that they use a variety of chiropractic treatments to help heal the injury and to heal any factors that can be contributing to the injury. Minor misalignments in the vertebrae can affect how a person walks and how they move their arms. This can contribute to tennis elbow, shin splints, and runner’s knee.

A chiropractor will help to lower the pain from an injury and increase your rate of healing. Being properly aligned can help prevent future injuries. When a chiropractor treats the body through spinal adjustments, it helps to correct the misalignment in your spine which will improve the range of motion and the function of your vertebrae. Throw in massage therapy on top of adjustments, and that helps to relax muscles and ligaments and relieve muscle soreness. This will improve flexibility, increase blood flow, and help your muscles release lactic acid.

With chiropractic treatment that is catered to your body’s needs, your pain will be reduced naturally. The spine will be rehabilitated, and then you will experience a shorter recovery time. Once your joints are functioning correctly, you can continue rehabilitation to strengthen the spine and improve your body’s ability to function overall. Rehabilitative exercise is important for caring for your body.

If you’re interested in seeing our experts at Cross Valley Chiropractic, give us a call at 570-822-4848.

Chiropractic, More Than Just Pain Relief

Many people think that chiropractors can only help with neck and back pain. There are many ways to injure the body, from lifting heavy boxes to a car accident, and visiting a chiropractor usually provides pain relief. Chiropractic care does extend beyond back and neck pain relief, and is key in correcting damage that is caused by trauma or poor posture. Chiropractors focus on the health of your spine being properly aligned.

Chiropractic is a natural, drug-less approach to helping patients reach their health goals. The nervous system is responsible for every function of the human body, from movement, heartbeat, regulation of hormones, breathing, and so on. The nerves play a huge role in keeping us alive and healthy and the nervous system controls every cell and organ in your body.

Chiropractic benefits you in the following ways:

  • Boost your immune system making it easier to ward off illness.
  • Energize your body.
  • Add years to your life.
  • Reduces inflammation which helps reduce chances of inflammatory diseases.
  • Reduces blood pressure.
  • Improves balance as it restores normal, healthy spine function.
  • Reduces stress and improves brain activity and reduces cortisol levels.
  • Relieves asthma symptoms.
  • Promote health and wellness.
  • Back and neck pain relief.
  • Migraine relief.
  • Headache relief.
  • Colic and ear infection relief.
  • Acid reflux relief.

Poor posture, injuries, birth trauma, accidents, this puts excessive pressure on delicate nerves in the back and neck, which can lead to diminished nerve flow to limbs and vital organs. Untreated, diminished nerve energy will cause fatigue, pain, disease, and organ dysfunction. Chiropractic care aims to realign the spine and take pressure off of the nerves. In doing this, it restores the function of your nervous system so it can do what it is designed to do.

For more information about chiropractic care give us a call at Cross Valley Chiropractic at 570-822-4848.