Common migraine is a disorder involving recurrent headaches, which may be accompanied by symptoms other than a headache but which rarely include a preliminary warning (called an aura). They most commonly occur in women and usually begin between the ages of 10 and 46. In some cases, they appear to run in families. Migraines occur when blood vessels of the head and neck spasm or constrict, which decreases blood flow to the brain. Minutes to hours later, the blood vessels dilate, resulting in a severe headache. Inflammation around the blood vessels also accompanied by symptoms other than a headache but only rarely includes any preceding symptoms (aura). Migraines may also appear as classic migraine (a migraine preceded by other symptoms) and other rare forms. Multiple mechanisms trigger the spasm and subsequent blood vessel dilation.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the compression of the median nerve at the wrist, which may result in numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle atrophy in the hand and fingers. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is common in people who perform repetitive motions of the hand and wrist, such as typing. When the wrist is poorly positioned, there isn’t enough space for the median nerve to travel to the hand. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is caused by pressure exerted on the median nerve at the point where it passes through the wrist. The median nerve supplies sensation to the thumb-side of the ring finger. It also supplies movement to part of the hand. The nerve enters the hand between the wrist bones (called the carpal bones) and the tough membrane that hold the bones together (the transverse carpal ligament). This space is called the carpal tunnel. Since the passageway is rigid, any swelling in this area can cause compression of the nerve (this is also called entrapment of the nerve).
Weakness in one or both hands, Numbness or tingling in the thumb and next two or three fingers of one or both hands, Numbness or tingling o the palm of the hand, Wrist or hand pain in one or both hands, Pain Extending to the elbow, Impaired fine finger movements (coordination) in one or both hands, Weak grip or difficulty carrying bags (a common complaint), Atrophy of the muscular bulge under the thumb